might, and probably would by this time, have 
been completely paid; and had it not been 
for the colonies, the former of those wars 
might not, and the latter certainly would not, 
have been undertaken. It was because the 
colonies were supposed to be provinces of the 
British Empire, that this expense was laid out 
upon them. But countries which contribute 
neither revenue nor military force towards the 
support of the empire, cannot be considered as 
provinces. They may, perhaps, be considered 
as appendages, as a sort of splendid and 
shewy equipage of the empire. But if the 
empire can no longer support the expense of 
keeping up this equipage, it ought certainly to 
lay it down; and if it cannot raise its revenue 
in proportion to its expense, it ought at least 
to accommodate its expense to its revenue. If 
the colonies, notwithstanding their refusal to 
submit to British taxes, are still to be considered 
as provinces of the British empire
their defence, in some future war, may cost 
Great Britain as great an expense as it ever 
has done in any former war. The rulers of 
Great Britain have, for more than a century 
past, amused the people with the imagination 
that they possessed a great empire on the west 
side of the Atlantic. This empire, however, 
has hitherto existed in imagination only. It 
has hitherto been, not an empire, but the project 
of an empire; not a gold mine, but the 
project of a gold mine; a project which has 
cost, which continues to cost, and which, if pursued 
in the same way as it has been hitherto, is 
likely to cost, immense expense, without being 
likely to bring any profit; for the effects of the 
monopoly of the colony trade, it has been shewn, 
are to the great body of the people, mere loss 
instead of profit. It is surely now time that 
our rulers should either realize this golden 
dream, in which they have been indulging 
themselves, perhaps, as well as the people; or 
that they should awake from it themselves, 
and endeavour to awaken the people. If the 
project cannot be completed, it ought to be 
given up. If any of the provinces of the 
British empire cannot be made to contribute 
towards the support of the whole empire, it is 
surely time that Great Britain should free 
herself from the expense of defending those 
provinces in time of war, and of supporting 
any part of their civil or military establishments 
in time of peace; and endeavour to accommodate 
her future views and designs to 
the real mediocrity of her circumstances