authority aforesaid, that so much of the said 
act, which relates to the making the said offence 
felony, be repealed and made void.' 
The penalties, however, which are either 
imposed by this milder statute, or which, 
though imposed by former statutes, are not 
repealed by this one, are still sufficiently 
severe. Besides the forfeiture of the goods
the exporter incurs the penalty of 3s. for 
every pound weight of wool, either exported 
or attempted to be exported, that is, about 
four or five times the value. Any merchant
or other person convicted of this offence, is 
disabled from requiring any debt or account 
belonging to him from any factor or other 
person. Let his fortune be what it will, 
whether he is or is not able to pay those heavy 
penalties, the law means to ruin him completely. 
But, as the morals of the great 
body of people are not yet so corrupt as 
those of the contrivers of this statute, I have 
not heard that any advantage has ever been 
taken of this clause. If the person convicted 
of this offence is not able to pay the penalties 
within three months after judgment, he is to 
be transported for seven years; and if he returns 
before the expiration of that time, he is 
liable to the pains of felony, without benefit 
of clergy. The owner of the ship, knowing 
this offence, forfeits all his interest in the ship 
and furniture. The master and mariners 
knowing this offence, forfeit all their goods 
and chattels, and suffer three months imprisonment
By a subsequent statute, the 
master suffers six months imprisonment
In order to prevent exportation, the whole 
inland commerce of wool is laid under very 
burdensome and oppressive restrictions. It 
cannot be packed in any box, barrel, cask
case, chest, or any other package, but only in 
packs of leather or pack-cloth, on which must 
be marked on the outside the words wool or 
yarn, in large letters, not less than three 
inches long, on pain of forfeiting the same 
and the package, and 3s. for every pound 
weight, to be paid by the owner or packer
It cannot be loaden on any horse or cart, or 
carried by land within five miles of the coast
but between sun-rising, and sun-setting, on 
pain of forfeiting the same, the horses and 
carriages. The hundred next adjoining to 
the sea coast, out of, or through which the 
wool is carried or exported, forfeits L.20, if 
the wool is under the value of L.10; and if 
of greater value, then treble that value, together 
with treble costs, to be sued for within 
the year. The execution to be against any 
two of the inhabitants, whom the sessions 
must reimburse, by an assessment on the 
other inhabitants, as in the cases of robbery
And if any person compounds with the hundred 
for less than this penalty, he is to be 
imprisoned for five years, and any other person 
may prosecute. These regulations take 
place through the whole kingdom
But in the particular counties of Kent and 
Sussex, the restrictions are still more troublesome. 
Every owner of wool within ten miles 
of the sea coast must give an account in writing
three days after shearing, to the next 
officer of the customs, of the number of his 
fleeces, and of the places where they are lodged
And before he removes any part of them, 
he must give the like notice of the number 
and weight of the fleeces, and of the name 
and abode of the person to whom they are 
sold, and of the place to which it is intended 
they should be carried. No person within 
fifteen miles of the sea, in the said counties
can buy any wool, before he enters into bond 
to the king, that no part of the wool which 
he shall so buy shall be sold by him to any 
other person within fifteen miles of the sea
If any wool is found carrying towards the 
sea side in the said counties, unless it has 
been entered and security given as aforesaid
it is forfeited, and the offender also forfeits 
3s. for every pound weight. If any person 
lay any wool, not entered as aforesaid, within 
fifteen miles of the sea, it must be seized and 
forfeited; and if, after such seizure, any person 
shall claim the same, he must give security 
to the exchequer, that if he is cast upon 
trial he shall pay treble costs, besides all 
other penalties
When such restrictions are imposed upon 
the inland trade, the coasting trade, we may 
believe, cannot be left very free. Every 
owner of wool, who carrieth, or causeth to 
be carried, any wool to any part or place on 
the sea coast, in order to be from thence transported 
by sea to any other place or port on 
the coast, must first cause an entry thereof 
to be made at the port from whence it is intended 
to be conveyed, containing the weight
marks, and number, of the packages, before 
he brings the same within five miles of that 
part, on pain of forfeiting the same, and also 
the horses, carts, and other carriages; and 
also of suffering and forfeiting, as by the 
other laws in force against the exportation of 
wool. This law, however (1st of William 
III. chap. 32), is so very indulgent as to declare, 
that 'this shall not hinder any person 
from carrying his wool home from the place 
of shearing, though it be within five miles of 
the sea, provided that in ten days after shearing
and before he remove the wool, he do 
under his hand certify to the next officer of the 
customs the true number of fleeces, and 
where it is housed; and do not remove the 
same, without certifying to such officer, under 
his hand, his intention so to do, three 
days before.' Bond must be given that the 
wool to be carried coast-ways is to be landed 
at the particular port for which it is entered 
outwards; and if any part of it is landed 
without the presence of an officer, not only 
the forfeiture of the wool is incurred, as in 
other goods, but the usual additional penalty